By the end of this module, you should be able to: Determine the causal responsibility for the outcome of a decision. Decide who should be held morally responsible for their motivations or characters. Determine whether an entire organization can be morally responsible for a decision. 9.4 Corporate responsibility Some philosophers believe that corporate organizations, such as open societies, cannot be morally responsible because they do not have a spiritual life. The responsibility of the company is reduced without rest to the responsibility of the individuals within the organization. Other philosophers believe that there are good ethical reasons to hold societies morally and legally accountable for the results of their decisions. For example, we can talk meaningfully about the corporate character. Just because the company is morally responsible does not mean that individuals within the company are not as morally responsible for their decisions and actions. www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=nWPR8jyRs74 A moral duty is an obligation based on morality or ethics, while a legal duty is an obligation based on the law of a country. 9.1 Agency, Responsibility and Reputation (9:47) An agent is morally responsible for a decision if we are to praise or blame the agent for its results. An entity is morally substantial or has moral status if we must take its interests into account in our moral decisions. www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=ytvHl8QIJ5c A duty is a responsibility or an obligation.
All members of the Society must comply with the obligations of the Society. A duty can be moral or legal. Duties arising from ethics or morality are called moral duties, while duties created by law are called legal duties. According to Aristotle, moral responsibility was seen as emanating from the moral agent as a decision-maker and arose from a capacity for reason, an awareness of actions and consequences, and a willingness to act without external coercion. Responsibility is an ethical concept that refers to the fact that individuals and groups have morally grounded obligations and duties to others and broader ethical and moral codes, norms and traditions. The main difference between responsibility and accountability is that responsibility can be shared, while responsibility cannot. Responsibility means not only being responsible for something, but ultimately being responsible for your actions. Also, responsibility is something you don`t stick to a person until a task has been completed or not completed. Responsibility may lie before and/or after a task. A moral duty is an obligation based on morality or ethics, while a legal duty is an obligation based on the law of a country.
This is therefore the main difference between moral duty and legal duty. In addition, if a person does not fulfill a moral duty, he will not receive punishment. However, if a person does not fulfill a legal obligation, he will be punished by law and the state. Respecting one`s parents and teachers, taking care of one`s family and helping those in need are some examples of moral duties, while obeying the Constitution, paying taxes honestly and regularly, are examples of legal duties. We are not legally required to comply with moral obligations, but we are legally required to comply with legal obligations. Respecting one`s parents and teachers, taking care of one`s family and helping those in need are some examples of moral duties, while obeying the Constitution, paying taxes honestly and regularly, are examples of legal duties. In a professional context, responsibility is to respond to clients, colleagues and other relevant professionals. The requirement to account for one`s own judgments, acts and omissions arises from the nature of the professional client and the professional relationships. For communications professionals, accountability has more specific implications. In recent years, there has been a more practical and concrete interpretation of the concept of responsibility by communication specialists. It is associated with responsiveness to the views of all stakeholders, which includes a willingness to explain, defend and justify action. To give another example, let`s take the case of the infamous Enron scandal of 2001, which led to the bankruptcy of Enron Corporation.
The board members were accused of their illegal and unethical actions. CEO Kenneth Lay was one of the accused. Lay insisted that Enron`s collapse was due to a conspiracy led by short sellers, rogue managers and the news media — suggesting that while he could be held accountable as CEO and head of the organization, he was in no way responsible for fraud in the company. However, a jury found Lay guilty of conspiracy and fraud on six counts, so the CEO was responsible for the company`s demise. “It is the willingness to have one`s actions judged by others and, if necessary, to take responsibility for errors, errors of judgment and negligence, as well as the recognition of competence, conscience, excellence and wisdom.” While accountability is defined as a set of obligations associated with a role, accountability could be defined as “blaming or recognizing someone for an action” – usually associated with a recognized responsibility. The responsible actor is “bound to external mechanisms of supervision, regulation and punishment aimed at motivating reactive external adaptation in order to maintain compliance with appropriate moral standards of action”. 9.5 Additional Lecture: Moral Position (12:44) Various forms of ethical thinking give us ethical reasons to consider the interests of different beings. For example, experiential utilitarianism gives us ethical reasons to consider the interests of all sentient beings, such as humans and animals. The vision of shareholder morality focuses only on a specific, limited ethical consideration, a contractual and contractual relationship between the management and owners of a company. The vision of the morality of the stakeholders takes into account the interests of all those with whom the company has explicit or implicit contractual relations.
The global vision of the moral position takes into account all kinds of ethical relationships between the company and the rest of the world. www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=16e4eJ43Q-g The legal obligation is completely different from the moral obligation. .